Los Ángeles (Steel and Bridle)

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Los Angeles (Spanish: Los Ángeles, Spanish pronunciation: /los ˈanxeles/; Angelino pronunciation: /ˈlos aŋɦeles/; English pronunciation: /lɔːs ˈændʒələs/), often referred to by its initials L.A., is the commercial, financial, and cultural center of San Fulgencio. Los Angeles is the largest city in the Fulgencines and the capital of the province of Porciúncula; it is the second-most populous city in the Mejican Empire after Mejico City, and one of the world's most populous megacities.

An alpha city, Los Angeles has a population of roughly 4.6 million as of 2023, and it is known for its Mediterranean climate, being the home of the Cabrillo film industry, and its sprawling metropolitan area. The majority of the city proper lies in a basin adjacent to the Pacific Ocean in the west and extending partly through the Santa Monica Mountains and north into the San Fernando Valley, with the city bordering the San Gabriel Valley to its east. It covers about 1,210 km2, and has a metropolitan population of 13.2 million people.

The Los Angeles coastal area was originally settled by the Gabrieleño people, and later claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition. In 1602, Viceroy Gaspar de Zúñiga, Count of Monterrey, sponsored an expedition led by Sebastián Vizcaíno, which resulted in the founding of El Presidio de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles del Río de Porciúncula, among other sites and Catholic missions. At the time of its founding, Los Ángeles was a small settlement of Spanish colonists, located near the Los Angeles River. The town was named in honor of the Virgin Mary, and the nearby river was given the name Río de Porciúncula. The town was intended to serve as a center of Spanish colonization in the Fulgencines, and it was strategically located near several important trade routes.

In the early years of its development, Los Angeles was a small, isolated settlement, surrounded by rugged mountains and arid plains. The town's economy was based largely on agriculture, with colonists growing crops such as wheat, corn, and beans, and raising livestock for meat and dairy products. The town was also a center of trade and commerce, serving as a hub for the transport of goods between the Spanish colonies in the Fulgencines and other parts of the Americas and Europe. Over the years, the town grew and developed, with new settlers arriving from Spain, the rest of New Spain, and other parts of the world. After Novohispanic independence in 1788, the town was officially renamed Los Ángeles, and it became the capital of the newly established Intendencia of Porciúncula. In the decades that followed, the city continued to grow and prosper, with new industries and communities springing up throughout the region, reaching a population of 50,000 by the turn of the century.

Over the next several decades, the city continued to grow and develop, as new industries and communities emerged throughout the region. One of the key developments during this time was the arrival of the first British North American settlers in the region, who began to establish their own communities and businesses in and around Los Angeles. In the mid-19th century, Los Angeles experienced another period of rapid growht and transformation, as a result of the San Fulgencio Gold Rush and the arrival of the first transcontinental railroad. These developments brought new settlers to the region, and helped establish Los Angeles as a major center of trade and commerce in the Mejican Empire. The city's population grew rapidly during this time, and new industries such as oil, agriculture, and manufacturing emerged to meet the needs of the growing population.

During the early 20th century, Los Angeles became a hub of the emerging film industry, with Cabrillo becoming one of the main competitors of Churubusco, and one of the main centers of the global entertainment industry. This helped establish Los Angeles as a cultural center, with artists, musicians, and writers flocking to the city to be part of its vibrant and creative scene. In addition, the city's climate and natural beauty made it an attractive destination for tourists, further fueling its growth and development. In the 1920s and 30s, Los Angeles experienced a period of significant urbanization, as new suburbs and communities emerged on the city's outskirts. This led to a significant increase in the population but also led to a number of social and environmental issues, including overcrowding, pollution, and traffic congestion. In the 1950s, the city became a center of aerospace and defense industries, as well as a hub of scientific and technological innovation, However, it also faced a number of challenges during this time, including rising crime rates, social unrest, and environmental degradation.

Leading up to, and during the Absolutist Octennium, Los Angeles was the site of a number of high-profile protests and demonstrations, chief among them the Movement for Socialist Change (Spanish: Movimiento por el Cambio Socialista), with a number of left-wing and republican political organizations emerging. These movements were suppressed, and after the Octennium, Los Angeles underwent a period of political upheaval as the city shifted towards the right and embraced the principles of Vasconcelism, driven by the increasing influence of conservative groups, particularly in the city's law enforcement agencies.

Los Angeles has a diverse economy with a broad range of industries. It has the busiest container port in the Americas. In 2018, the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of over $1.3 trillion, making it the city with the third-largest GDP in the world, after Mejico City and New York City. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics, the 2019 American Harpast World Cup final, and is set to host the 2028 Summer Olympics.