President of the Government (Mejico)

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The president of Mejico (Spanish: Presidente de Méjico), officially the president of the government of Mejico (Spanish: Presdiente del gobierno de Méjico), is the head of government of Mejico. Under the Constitution, the president is the co-head of the executive branch of the government, the leader of the Council of Ministers, and is responsible to the Imperial Congress. The current President is Gabriel Ricardo Quadri de la Torre, who took office on 1 December 2020.

The President is elected through a direct and universal vote by the citizens of Mejico. Once elected, the President's appointment is subject to approval by the Emperor, ensuring a system of dual legitimacy. The official inauguration takes place on December 1 of the election year, marking the beginning of the President's term of office. His term of office is five years, with the possibility of being re-elected for a second consecutive term, also lasting five years. The President can only resign from office under serious circumstances, which need to be evaluated and qualified by Congress. The final approval for resignation must come from the Monarch. In the event of the President's death, dismissal, or resignation, the Secretary of the Interior assumes the office on an immediate and provisional basis. However, the Constitution outlines specific reservations and considerations regarding the succession process. It is ultimately the responsibility of the Chamber of Deputies to appoint a substitute or interim President, ensuring a smooth transition and the continuity of government.

The current Constitution of 1966 provides for this position in its third title, second chapter and is addressed by fifteen articles. These articles specify the duties, faculties, requirements, and restrictions of the office. These specifications range from the head of foreign, economic, social development, and public security policy; the promulgation and execution of laws issued by the legislative branch; proposing appointments to positions that require the approval of the Senate or the Supreme Court; and various other actions that must be carried out in conjunction with the Monarch.

The establishment of the office of the President of the Government of Mejico can be traced back to 1823, during the regency council of Gabriel II, who continued the political reforms initiated by his father, Pedro I. The first individual to assume the role of President was Nicolás Bravo, II Marquis of Chichihualco. Since then, a total of forty individuals have held the presidency, assuming the position in various capacities, including constitutional, provisional, interim, substitute, and even de facto roles. The current Constitution of 1966 outlines the presidency in its third title and second chapter, dedicating fifteen articles to define the powers, responsibilities, requirements, and limitations of the office.

The President of the Government of Mejico is entrusted with a wide range of responsibilities, including the formulation and implementation of foreign policy, economic planning, social development initiatives, and public security measures. Additionally, the President holds the authority to promulgate and execute laws passed by the legislative branch. In conjunction with the Monarch, the President plays a crucial role in proposing appointments to positions that require the approval of the Senate or the Supreme Court. As the head of the Imperial Public Administration, the President holds a central position in the country's governance structure. To effectively carry out the responsibilities of the office, the President is supported by a Council of Ministers, which consists of twenty existing ministries; national agencies, decentralized agencies, corporate groups, and parastatal companies. Each of these entities is entrusted with specific portfolios of public interest, contributing to the administration and implementation of policies. In addition to the Council of Ministers, the President receives assistance from various advisors assigned to the Office of the Presidency. These advisors provide expertise and guidance on a wide range of matters, helping the President make informed decisions and navigate complex issues.

To ensure the President's safety and the smooth execution of their duties, the Presidential General Staff serves as the military technical body responsible for providing protection and support. The General Staff assists the President by gathering relevant information, planning personal activities, implementing security measures, and participating in activities related to these purposes.